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Using material from Item B and elsewhere, examine explanations for apparent cultural differences in involvement in criminal offenses (21 Marks)
According to official statistics, ethnic minorities are generally linked to criminal offense and their participation if generally over exaggerated. Item M shows that dark-colored people makeup 11% of the prison inhabitants, despite the fact they earn up merely 2 . 8% of the populace. Whilst, Asians make up some. 7% in the population but 6% of the prison inhabitants. These statistics emphasise that ethnic hispanics are over-represented in the legal justice program, and so the make use of alternate options for statistics could help show an even more accurate picture. Victim surveys ask persons what criminal offenses they have been subjects of and help identify the correlation between ethnicity and offending. They tend to show a great deal of intra- ethnic crime nevertheless also include a number of limitations because they rely on victims memory of events that could result in over- identifying certain ethnic organizations as the offender. Whereas, self- statement studies question individuals to disclose their own fraudulent and violent behaviour. The findings of self- record studies challenge the stereotypes of dark-colored people as being more likely than whites to offend. Nevertheless , self-report studies also have their own limitations because inconsistency is usually shown through the evidence of ethnicity and offending.
You will find ethnic dissimilarities at each stage of the felony justice procedure. Policing can often be seen to become oppressive, as members of ethnic hispanics are more likely to be stopped and searched with Asians being twice much more likely than blacks to be stopped by the law enforcement. These allegations have supposed ethnic minorities have limited faith inside the police and thus feel underneath protected. Police racism is one of the many triggers behind prevent and queries with the Mcpherson report determining institutional racism within the police. These types of racist behaviour and stereotypes will be endorsed and upheld by the " canteen...