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Psychology 75 Final Examine Guide

 Psychology 75 Final Examine Guide Dissertation

п»їChapter 1: Pondering Critically with Psychological Science Potential Problems depending upon intuition and common sense

Hindsight bias: trend to believe, following learning the outcome, that you knew the answer almost all along Overconfidence: we think we realize more than we all do

Understanding of patterns in arbitrary events: man on the celestial satellite

Scientific Attitude: curiosity, skepticism, and humility

The Medical Method

Observing & Describing Tendencies

Naturalistic findings: observing and recording patterns in natural situations without trying to adjust and control the situation Overt observing: individuals know they are really being watched

Covert declaration: unaware we were holding being discovered

Participant observer: researcher enhancements themselves in to situation Non-participant observer: simply watching

Section 2: Biology of Head

Neurons

Sensory neurons: sight, audio

Motor neurons: connected to glands and muscles

Interneurons: relaying messages in the nervous program

Neurons USUALLY DO NOT touch each other

Nerves: bundles of axons that type " cables” and connect the CNS with muscles, glands, and sense organs. Dopamine: morphine you develop in your own body system

Agonist: can mimic function of neurotransmitter

Antagonist: similar enough to adjust to in sight certainly not similar enough to engage in function Anxious System (should know diagram pg. 56 figure installment payments on your 7)

The Brain

Brainstem: earliest and innermost brain area

Cerebellum: nonverbal learning and memory, time management, feelings regulation, properly texture elegance, voluntary motion Limbic system: sits involving the brain's more mature parts as well as its cerebral hemispheres. Hypothalamus

Pituitary gland

Amygdala

Hippocampus

Left versus Right

Kept: logic

Correct: creative

Part 3: Consciousness and the Two-Track Mind

Consciousness and unconsciousness of yourself plus the environment around you Dual control: we assess our environment the two consciously and unconsciously visit a bird and you notice the color, motion, kind, etc . but you say " what a very bird” subconscious: works in parallel

multiple things happening at one time

conscious: continuous and deliberate

this happened.. then simply that.. etc..

Selective Attention

Cocktail party effect: experiencing your name across the table when you're discussing with another individual Inattentional loss of sight: so dedicated to something that you don't notice some thing strange that may be happening Alter blindness: person swap and never noticing

Sleeping Stages

90-minute cycles while sleeping

REM: gradual breathing, abnormal brain dunes

NREM 1: hallucinations

NREM 2: rest spindles

NREM a few: delta ocean

Young adults: 4-5 cycles, older adults: awaken often

What makes it that we require sleep? (sleep for 1/3 of our life)

Protection, recovery, consolidate memories, creativity, expansion Dreams

We dream to satisfy wishes, file away recollections, to develop and preserve nerve organs pathways, to generate sense of neural static, and to indicate cognitive development/maturation Chapter a few: Development Throughout the Lifespan

Character vs . Foster: influenced simply by environment

Continuity and periods: continually developing if you are easy going now you will still be easy going Steadiness and change:

From tummy to burial place

Prenatal Expansion and the Newborn baby

Zygote, embryo, fetus

Infancy & Childhood

Infantile sleepwalking: not remembering much before third birthday

Experience: mental actions associated with pondering, knowing, remembering, and interacting Assimilation: interpreting new ideas in terms of existing schemas Accommodation: adapting current schemas to include new info Stranger anxiousness: begins around 8 several weeks of age

Essential period: period in early existence when contact with certain points leads to normal development Imprinting (like baby ducks with owners by UD)

Severe: parents inflict rules and expect compliance

go to bed in 8: 00 no matter what

Plausible: parents submit to kid's desires

Authoritative: parents are demanding and responsive

if you surface finish your...

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