Sound Lingual Technique

 Audio Lingual Method Essay

Section Six The Audiolingual Method

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1 ) Definition

The Audio-lingual Method is a method of foreign language teaching which stresses the teaching of tuning in and speaking before writing and reading. It uses listenings as the main form of terminology presentation and drills while the main teaching techniques. Mother tongue is disheartened in the classroom. 2 . Background

The Audio-lingual Method originated in the U. S. throughout the Second World War. In those days, the U. S. government found that a great necessity to set up a unique language-training plan to supply the war with language staff. Therefore , the government commissioned American universities to develop foreign language system for military personnel. As a result the Military Specialized Teaching Programme (ASTP) was established in 1942. The objectives of the army plan were for young students to attain conversational proficiency in many different foreign different languages. The method used was referred to as " police informant method” since it used a native audio speakers of the terminology, the informant, and a linguist. The informant served as a method to obtain language intended for imitation, as well as the linguist supervised the learning experience. The rigorous system implemented by the armed service achieved exceptional results. Linguists and applied linguists during this time period were becoming increasingly involved in the teaching of The english language as a language. In 1941 the initially English Terminology institute in the U. H. was established to in the School of The state of michigan. The movie director of the commence was Charles Fries(弗里斯), who also applied the principles of strength linguists to language educating. The result is an approach which advocated aural training first, then simply pronunciation teaching, followed by speaking, reading and writing. The emergence with the Audiolingual Technique resulted from the increased awareness of foreign language instructing in the U. S. for the end with the 1950s. The need for a radical change and rethinking of foreign language educating methodology built language educating specialists started developing a approach that was applicable to conditions in U. H. college and university sessions. They came on the previously experience of the army programmes and the Aural-Oral or strength Approach manufactured by Fries fantastic colleagues, adding insights taken from behaviorist psychology. This combination of structural linguistic theory, aural-oral procedures, and behaviourist psychology led to the Audiolingual Method, which was widely adopted pertaining to teaching overseas languages in North American colleges and universities. 3. Theoretical Basis

1) Theory of language

The theory of language underlying Audiolingualism was derived from a view proposed simply by American language specialists in the 1930s and nineteen forties. The view then came to be generally known as structural linguistics with Bloomfield and French fries as its associates. Structural linguistics views language as a system of structurally related elements for the expression of meaning. These ingredients are phonemes, morphemes, words, structures, and sentence types. The grammatical system includes a list of grammatical elements and rules for his or her linear mixture into words and phrases, phrases, keyword phrases and paragraphs. According into a structural perspective, language has the following qualities: 1) Elements in a vocabulary are produced in a rule-governed (structural) way. (语言成分是以一定规则(结构)出现的) 2) Dialect samples could possibly be exhaustively referred to at any strength level of information. (语言实例可以在任何结构层次上进行详尽的描述) 3) Language is usually structural such as a pyramid, that is certainly, linguistic level is system within system. (语言结构像金字塔,即语言层次的大结构系统里有小结构系统) 4) Language is definitely speech, certainly not writing. (语言是口头的话语,不是笔头的文字) 5) 'languages' are different. (语言各不相同)

The sights of terminology above offered the foundation for the Audio lingual Approach. 2) Theory of learning(е­¦д№ зђ†и®є)

(1)Behaviourist psychology(行为主义心理学)

The learning theory of Audiolingualism is behavioral psychology...

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